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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-10

Abutment selection, designing, and its influence on the emergence profile: A comprehensive review

Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Dental Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Sagar J Abichandani
Ashiyana, 105-B, 1st floor, Sindhi Society, Chembur, Mumbai-400 071
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-4610.116586

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The implant evolution has become a "restorative driven" field, and it is therefore important to know the designing principles of abutments and its connection to the implants and its rationale for use in clinical practice. The key is to have an optimum selection and designing of the implant to meet the implant position and angulation in the clinical scenario. A search was conducted both manually and electronically to find terms that included dental implants, dental abutments, custom abutments, cast abutments, abutment-implant interface, emergence profile, soft tissue profile, provisional restoration, CAD/CAM abutments, abutment innovations, abutment designing, abutment selection, and abutment materials. A total of 4332 English titles were obtained in various combinations and were repeated and duplicated due to multiple searching. Proper short-listing of the articles was done and a comprehensive review was formulated. This review article highlights various methods and rationale behind selection, designing of various abutments, its influence on emergence profile, and the newer advances and trends that have emerged in the field of implant dentistry.

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